Previous lessons 27-29 – need to renumber by unit and add worksheets
Van de Graff genreators:
ELECTROSTATICS AT WORK
The history of electrostatics – reanimation
A demonstration of Coulomb’s Law using Coulomb’s experimental apperatus
% by mass
When will these people ever make up their minds????
Chemists, chemical engineers, food processors, and environmental scientists each use measurement systems which are different and convenient for themselves. So no-one can agree on what system of units should actually be used. Let’s make an analogy to building construction. Hardwood flooring is sold by the square foot, concrete is by the cubic “yard” and roofing is by the (10 foot by 10 foot) square. Another example of different units being used for convenience.
We’ll it’s no surprise Hank can enlighten us – here he’ll share with us his “Dirty Laundry”
Here are the formulas you need to know;
Molarity = (# moles solute) / (litres of solvent)
Molality = (# moles solute) / (kg of solvent)
Percent by mass = (mass of solute) / (mass of solution) x 100
note: solution is solvent + solute
Salinity = (kg salt) / (1,000 litres water)
You will find plenty of sample exercises in your reading package. You should do all the available problems before the quiz. You do not need to cover freezing point depression or boiling point elevation as we will cover these in the next lesson.
Here’s the least confusing webpage I can find on the definition of Salinity – this is from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (who would even imagine there was such a place).
Warm Up: What is a Catalyst? (use definition from textbook page 1010)
What do catalysts do – describe in your own words.
Draw a 3 frame comic strip of how you think a catalytic atom might help a forward reaction.
Here’s a video about Diesel engine catalytic converters
Q1: What does a catalyzed soot filter do?
Q2: name 3 chenical reactions that occur in this catalytic converter, Describe the role of the catalyst in getting these reactions to happen.
Look up the catalysts in the catalytic converter of a gas automobile – look this up in your book.
Draw a table with 2 columns – in column 1 write the diesel equations, in column 2 write the gas engine equations.
Describe what diesel exhaust would look like without a catalytic converter.
Here’s a vision of the world without catalytuc converters….
CO2 is only one of many forms of pollution but here’s a list of how much waste CO2 various countries produce.
Here’s a video about total internal rflection – we’ll move this to a post on Snell’;s Law later.
Young’s Double Slit experiment:
Single photon double slit – and a little quantum mechanics of course….
Logs and Anti logs – see worksheets
Updated November 27, 2014.
A reversible chemical process is considered in equilibrium when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse reaction. The ratio of these reaction rates is calledthe equilibrium constant. Test your knowledge about equilibrium constants and their use with this ten question equilibrium constant practice test.
Answers appear at the end of the test.
a. K = [HI]2/[H2][I2]
b. K = [H2][I2]/[HI]2
c. K = 2[HI]/[H2][I2]
d. K = [H2][I2]/2[HI]
a. K = 2[SO3]/2[SO2][O2]
b. K = 2[SO2][O2]/[SO3]
c. K = [SO3]2/[SO2]2[O2]
d. K = [SO2]2[O2]/[SO3]2
a. K = [CaO][CO2]2[H2O]/[Ca(HCO3)2]
b. K = [Ca(HCO3)2]/[CaO][CO2]2[H2O]
c. K = [CO2]2
d. K = [CO2]2[H2O]
a. K = [H2O]2/[H2]2
b. K = [Sn][H2O]2/[SnO][H2]2
c. K = [SnO][H2]2/[Sn][H2O]2
d. K = [H2]2/[H2O]2
K = 4.0 x 10-2. For the reaction
2 HBr (g) ↔ H2 (g) + Br2 (g)
a. 4.0 x 10-2
d. 2.0 x 10-1
At equilibrium, you can be certain that:
a. [H2] = [Cl2]
b. [HCl] = 2[H2]
c. [HCl] = [H2] = [Cl2] = 1
d. [H2][Cl2]/[HCl]2 = 1
The equilibrium constant for this reaction is:
a. K = 1/8
b. K = 8
c. K = 30/16
d. K = 16/30
N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) ↔ 2 NH3 (g)
If hydrogen gas is added after the reaction has reached equilibrium, the reaction will:
a. shift to the right to produce more product
b. shift to the left to produce more reactants
c. stop. All the nitrogen gas has already been used up.
d. Need more information.