Earth Science Unit 7.1 The Origins of the Universe?

There have been a number of scientific observations which led to the development of the Big Bang Theory. There observations are reported as observable fact without editorial judgement.

1] the spectra of light reaching us from distant stars appears shifted towards the red (lower energy) wavelengths.
2] there is an observable background radiation of 3 Kelvin everywhere we look.

Edwin Hubble – red shifts and the expansion of the universe

The Cosmic Microwave Background

Fr. Georges Lemaitre:

Here’s what the Big Bang Theory says:

Earth Science Unit 6.3 Climate and Weather

Learning objective:
To understand the distinction between climate an weather
To understand how low and high pressure areas affect local weather
To understand how storm fronts are formed

Do you know the difference between Climate and Weather?

What drives the earth’s climate?

The history of climate on earth.

Lows and Highs

Today’s weather report – Florida – July 7, 2018

Earth Science 6.2 Clouds and Humidity

Learning Objective: SW know how clouds are formed from water vapor, how to measure water vapor, relative humidity, and how to calculate the dew point.

Class read Ch 23-1

A Capacitance measurement of humidity

How do clouds form?

Orographic Lifting

Great Photogrpahy but not much info.

Earth Sciene Unit 6.1 The Atmosphere

Essential questions:
How thick is the atmosphere? What gasses are in the atmosphere? What are the 4 main layers of the atmosphere?
Where does space start?

Assignents due: Ch 22-1 Section review #1-6, Ch 22-2 Section review #1-6

textbook: reading Ch 22-1 through 22-1 section review #1`-#6

A journey through the atmosphere:


textbook Ch 22-2 through 22-2 section review #1-#6

Worth Watching: 25 amazing facts about out atmosphere:

4 main classifications of clouds
How did cloads get their names?

There’s a heat-wave today: Our local heatwave is part of a global event due to global warming!
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Earth Science Unit 5.5 Ocean Waves and Tides

Essential Questions:
What are waves?
What are the properties of ocean Waves?
What powers ocean waves?
What happens when waves reach the shore?
What are tides?
What’s the moon got to do got to with it?

What are waves?

sample board problems wavelength, period, frequency, amplitude
Sound’s speed in seawater is of particular interest to anyone trying to use sonar or other underwater exploration techniques. The speed of sound in sea water is, on average, about 1560 m/s, or 3490 mph. But ocean waves are much slower:

Wave velocity is the speed of the wave. Velocities of normal ocean waves are about 90 km/hr while tsunami have velocities up to 950 km/hr (about as fast as jet airplanes), and thus move much more rapidly across ocean basins.

Refraction
(videos #4 and #5)

Refraction

Earth science Unit 5.4 Ocean Currents

transport mechanisms:
the Gulf Stream
polar melt flow
destruction of the polar ice cap, impact on the Gulf Stream and potential mini ice age in Europe

PPTs Prentice Hall 16.Dynamic Ocean #1-14

Modeling the Coriolis Force

Ocean Currents Iken Edu

Identify ocean currents (worksheet)

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Gulf Stream

From memory: sketch the north Atlantic ocean, draw and annotate the cold and warm sections of the gulf stream.

Q: England is as far north as central Canada yet its climate is about the same as New York’s.   Explain why this is and why London is usually foggy.

The Gulf Stream is driven by the difference in water temperature between waters near the equator and waters near the north pole.

The Gulf Stream is a convection current.

 
Melting of the Arctic

Medieval Ice Age

 

 

Crash Curse: European ice ages

How could an ice age happen in Europe?

How would you survive if it did?

El Nino and La Nina

Earth Science Unit 5.2 Geology of the ocean floor

Lesson Objective: students will be able to identify basic oceanic features incl. convergent and divergent tectonic zones, rifts, trenches and volcanoes.

Go to Lesson 4.1
2nd semester students watch videos for homework.

Play Formation of the Mediterranean video
Go to slides 09.Plate tectonics

Under Sea Exploration and Minerals of the Ocean Floor

High Manganese Steel

Manganese Mineral Rights – India.

Earth Science Unit 5.0 The Oceans

Lesson 1 of Summer School Semester 2 Earth Science

Oceanography is simply the study of the oceans. We’ll be learning the geography of the oceans and the physical properties of the ocean as well as the water it contains.



What are the world’s oceans names and where are they located?

Watch 1st 5 minutes….

 

 

oceans-worksheet

Click image to expand.

What are the zones and what are the zones of the oceans?

 

pelagic: adjective relating to the open sea

neridic: adjective  relating to or denoting the shallow part of the sea near a coast and overlying the continental shelf.

Read pgs 470-478 discuss section 2 review

SONAR

Read pgs 479-482

vocab: sketch, identify, define
continental shelf
continental slope
continental rise

define: inorganic sediments, organic sediments, chemical deposits – nodules
what are common minerals found in nodules?

 

Do Ch 19-3 section review  (hand in)

 

Earth Science Unit 3.2 Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy is defined as energy produced from resources which will not get consumed and run out.

There are 4 major types of renewable energy sources:

Geothermal: uses the heat of the earth

Hydroelectric: recovers energy from gravity when water flows down from a lake (reservoir) through a dam.

Wind: produced electricity when wind turns a motor.

Solar: concerts energy from the sun into electricity.

Energy_in_California

Energy Production by Country

Earth Science Unit3 Non-Renewable Energy

textbeeok reading pgs 159-160 (coal)

Coal, Oil and Gas – where did it all come from?

Nuclear Power
read page 162-163
This is a nice sales pitch about how we can easily and permananently dispose of nuclear waste.

This is a comedic view of the nuclear waste problem which is sadly closer to the truth.

Do Section 2 Review #1- and #8. Finish fr HW.

Fusion:

Teaching aids, Lesson Plans and comments